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Sunday, June 24, 2018 08:50

Archive for 2018


Sunday, June 17th, 2018

In an ideal world, a computer program will execute anything the programmer intended, the way the programmer intended. But since we don’t live in an ideal world (sadly), there are moments when due to the programmer’s mistake or to external conditions, these programs will malfunction or function in a way not intended, causing an exception from what we would normally expect.… Read more

Other Data Structures

Saturday, June 16th, 2018

Surprisingly, you will notice that we have already used these data structures before, without knowing they were data structures: the class and the structure. Whenever we instantiate one of these, we are actually using it as a data structure (more or less).… Read more

Sorted Set

Saturday, June 16th, 2018

Sorted Set is the preferred data structure when we want to have sorted items and also to eliminate duplicate elements. Unfortunately, its performance is worse than that of a Hash Set or a Dictionary. The following program declares a new Sorted Set and adds elements to it:

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;

class Program
    static void Main()
        // Create a new sorted set of strings.
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Hash Set

Thursday, June 14th, 2018

There are two types of Sets in the System.Collections.Generic namespace: SortedSet and HashSet. Both of them offer the functionality of storing non-duplicate items. The main difference between them is the fact that the SortedSet obviously has its items sorted. Therefor, if you do not care about the order in which the items are stored, you are better off performance-wise to use a HashSet.… Read more

Sorted Dictionary

Friday, June 8th, 2018

Sorted Dictionary is just a normal Dictionary data structure, but with its values sorted. Of course, it is obvious that having its elements sorted will make this data structure slightly slower than a normal Dictionary, but it does offer the advantage of making an in memory sorted lookup very easy.… Read more


Friday, June 1st, 2018

The data structure Dictionary suggests storing key-value pairs and provides a quick search by key. In common language, this means that instead of elements receiving a numerical index, as in the array case, they receive a specific type as a key (this is what the K stands for in the Dictionary<K, T> concept; T stands for the type of the values stored in the dictionary) for accessing elements.… Read more


Monday, May 28th, 2018

Queue is a linear data structure in which there are two operations defined: adding an element to the tail (enqueue) and extract the front-positioned element from the head (dequeue). These two operations take a constant time to execute, because the queue is usually implemented with a linked list.… Read more


Wednesday, May 2nd, 2018

Stack is a linear data structure in which there are 3 operations defined: adding an element at the top of the stack (push), removing an element from the top of the stack (pop) and inspect the element from the top without removing it (peek).… Read more


Tuesday, May 1st, 2018

Dynamic list (List<T>) is one of the most popular data structures used in programming. It does not have fixed size like arrays, and allows direct access through index, unlike linked lists (LinkedList<T>). The dynamic array is also known as “array list”, “resizable array” and “dynamic array”.… Read more

Linked List

Tuesday, April 24th, 2018

Singly and doubly linked lists (also known simply as Linked Lists) hold collection of elements, which preserve their order. Their representation in the memory is dynamic, pointer-based. They are linked sequences of elements. Adding is a fast operation, but it is a bit slower than adding to a List, because every time when we add an element to a linked list, we allocate a new memory area.… Read more